The majority of permanent damages or deaths in traffic, home or work accidents are caused by the lack of proper first aid. You may encounter accidents at any time of your life, so knowing the basic first aid rules will help you to do life-saving help towards yourself and your surroundings. Unknowingly using the wrong first aid can lead to death. Therefore, we have compiled 6 rules you should know for first aid.
When doing first aid, the first step should be to secure the scene. You should keep the curious crowd away from the patient and prevent them from touching the patient. You must keep the patient in a safe area and protect them from wrong interventions.
You have to control the patient’s consciousness. Does it respond to its name, remember the date correctly, and describe the severity of the pain? If there is an answer to all these questions, the patient’s consciousness is clear and you should wait for the ambulance to arrive, keeping the patient in the safe area as quickly as possible. If the patient is conscious, you should not allow him to see his wound, and you should avoid panic by speaking in a way that makes him comfortable.
ABC of first aid
After checking consciousness, you realized that the patient was unconscious. After that, all you have to do is follow the ABC rule. The first step in ABC rule is airway control. It should be checked whether the patient’s airway is open. His tongue may have slipped back or any foreign material may be blocking the airway. Step 2 is the respiratory assessment. It is tried to feel the breath coming from the mouth by approaching the patient’s chest, then the patient’s face. If there is no respiration, artificial respiration should be started. Step 3 is to check the circulation. It is performed by taking a 5-second pulse from the jugular vein.
In case of bleeding
If you want to help the patient with external bleeding, you should press the bleeding area with a clean cloth, keeping the bleeding area higher than the heart level.
Basic life support
Once you have done all the checks, if you are sure that the patient is unconscious and not breathing, you should begin basic life support. You have to do 30 prints in 2 forms of artificial respiration. 30 prints should take about 18 seconds. When you decide to provide basic life support, you should fix the patient’s neck or position it so that it has minimal movement. You should print about 5 cm below your heart level.
Improper intervention can cause death
This is the most important point you should know for first aid. Performing heart massage to a patient whose heart has not stopped, moving a patient who should not be moved, and trying to make an unconscious patient drink water can cause the death of many wrong patients. For this reason, you should apply as much as you know, and keep the patient safe, inform the ambulance teams and provide the correct information to the incoming team.